Assessment of cognitive self-statements during marital problem solving: A comparison of two methods

Halford, W. Kim and Matthew R. Sanders (1988) Assessment of cognitive self-statements during marital problem solving: A comparison of two methods. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 12 5: 515-530. doi:10.1007/BF01173417

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Author Halford, W. Kim
Matthew R. Sanders
Title Assessment of cognitive self-statements during marital problem solving: A comparison of two methods
Journal name Cognitive Therapy and Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0147-5916
1573-2819
Publication date 1988-10
Year available 1988
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/BF01173417
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 12
Issue 5
Start page 515
End page 530
Total pages 16
Place of publication Netherlands
Publisher Springer
Collection year 1988
Language eng
Subject 380000 Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences
380100 Psychology
380107 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Abstract Twenty maritally distressed couples (DC) and 20 nondistressed couples (NDC) were recruited and asked to undertake 10 minutes of problem-solving discussions, which were videotaped. Each individual partner’s cognitive self-statements during the interaction were assessed using two methods: video-assisted recall (VR) and thought listing (TL). Reported cognitions from each method were content- analysed and classified into five categories: partner- referent positive, partner- referent negative, self-referent positive, self- referent negative, and other. Proportions of reported cognitions falling into each category were analysed in two separate two-way MANOVAs (marital distress/ nondistress x sex) for the VR and TL measures. Results of each MANOVA indicated a highly significant effect of marital distress on cognitions, and a significant effect of sex on the VR but not the TL measure. Discriminant analyses showed that the VR and TL methods both discriminated between DC and NDC groups. Post hoc univariate ANOVAs indicated that DC had significantly higher proportions of negative partner- referent cognitions, and lower proportions of positive partner- referent cognitions, than NDC while problem solving. The relative merits of each cognitive assessment method, and their potential use in increasing marital therapy effectiveness, are discussed.
Keyword cognitive self-statements
marital problem solving
marital distress
couples
problem-solving
video-assisted recall
video-mediated recall
VR
thought listing
TL
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes This is an author version of an article originally published as W. K. Halford & M. R. Sanders (1988) Assessment of cognitive self-statements during marital problem solving: A comparison of two methods. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 12 5: 515-530. doi: 10.1007/BF01173417. Copyright 1988 Springer-Verlag. All rights reserved. The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Parenting and Family Support Centre (Triple P) - Publications
 
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