Community based prevention programs targeting all injuries for children

Spinks, Anneliese, Turner, Cathy, McClure, R. and Nixon, J. (2004) Community based prevention programs targeting all injuries for children. Injury Prevention, 10 3: 180-185. doi:10.1136/ip.2003.004903

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Author Spinks, Anneliese
Turner, Cathy
McClure, R.
Nixon, J.
Title Community based prevention programs targeting all injuries for children
Journal name Injury Prevention   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1353-8047
Publication date 2004
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1136/ip.2003.004903
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 10
Issue 3
Start page 180
End page 185
Total pages 6
Place of publication London, U.K.
Publisher BMJ Publishing
Language eng
Subject 320000 Medical and Health Sciences
321200 Public Health and Health Services
1117 Public Health and Health Services
Formatted abstract
Objective: Community based models for injury prevention have become an accepted part of the overall injury control strategy. This systematic review of the scientific literature examines the evidence for their effectiveness in reducing all-cause injury in children 0–14 years of age.
Methods: A comprehensive search of the literature was performed using the following study selection criteria: community based intervention study; children under 14 years; outcome measure was injury rates; and either a community control or an historical control was used in the design. Quality assessment and data abstraction were guided by a standardized procedure and performed independently by two authors. Data synthesis was in tabular and text form with meta-analysis not being possible due to the discrepancy in methods and measures between the studies.
Results: Thorough electronic and library search techniques yielded only nine formally evaluated community based all-cause child injury prevention programs that have reported actual injury outcomes. Of these nine studies, seven provided high level evidence where contemporary control communities were used for comparison; the remaining two used a pre and post-design or time trend analysis where historical data from the community were used as the comparison. Only three of the seven studies with contemporary control communities found significant effect of the intervention; the two studies without controls noted significant reductions in injury rates after the intervention period.
Conclusion: There is a paucity of research from which evidence regarding the effectiveness of community based childhood injury prevention programs can be obtained and hence a clear need to increase the effort on developing this evidence base.

Keyword Community
Evidenced based medicine
Prevention program
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes Citation: A Spinks, C Turner, R McClure, J Nixon, Community based prevention programs targeting all injuries for children, Injury Prevention 2004;10:180-185. DOI: 10.1136/ip.2003.004903 Copyright © 2004 by the BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
2005 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 21 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 27 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 22 Nov 2007, 08:31:04 EST by Thelma Whitbourne on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences