Access to drinking-water and arsenicosis in Bangladesh

Caldwell, Bruce K., Smith, Wayne T., Lokuge, Kamalini, Ranmuthugala, Geetha, Dear, Keith, Milton, Abul H., Sim, Malcolm R., Ng, Jack C. and Mitra, S. N. (2006) Access to drinking-water and arsenicosis in Bangladesh. Journal of Health Population And Nutrition, 24 3: 336-345.


Author Caldwell, Bruce K.
Smith, Wayne T.
Lokuge, Kamalini
Ranmuthugala, Geetha
Dear, Keith
Milton, Abul H.
Sim, Malcolm R.
Ng, Jack C.
Mitra, S. N.
Title Access to drinking-water and arsenicosis in Bangladesh
Journal name Journal of Health Population And Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1606-0997
Publication date 2006-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 24
Issue 3
Start page 336
End page 345
Total pages 10
Place of publication Dhaka
Publisher I C D D R B-centre Health Population Research
Collection year 2006
Language eng
Subject 730210 Environmental health
321299 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
C1
Abstract The discovery of arsenic contamination in groundwater has challenged efforts to provide safe drinking-water to households in rural Bangladesh. Two nationally-representative surveys in 2000 and 2002 investigated water-usage patterns, water-testing, knowledge of arsenic poisoning, and behavioural responses to arsenic contamination. Knowledge of arsenicosis rose between the two surveys among women from 42% to 64% but awareness of consequences of arsenic remained limited; only 13% knew that it could lead to death. Behavioural responses to arsenic have been limited, probably in part because of the lack of concern but also because households are uncertain of how best to respond and have a strong preference for tubewell water even when wells are known to be contaminated. Further work conducted by the survey team highlighted the difficulties in providing alternative sources of water, with many households switching back to their original sources of water.
Keyword Environmental Sciences
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
arsenic
arsenicosis
drinking-water
safe water
tubewells
water pollution
water supply
diarrhoea
water testing
Bangladesh
West-bengal
Tube Wells
India
Contamination
Variability
Calamity
Cholera
Burden
Crisis
Health
Q-Index Code C1

 
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