Shoulder pain following tetraplegia: a follow-up study 2-4 years after injury

Salisbury, S. K., Nitz, J. and Souvlis, T. (2006) Shoulder pain following tetraplegia: a follow-up study 2-4 years after injury. Spinal Cord, 44 12: 723-728. doi:10.1038/sj.sc.3101908


Author Salisbury, S. K.
Nitz, J.
Souvlis, T.
Title Shoulder pain following tetraplegia: a follow-up study 2-4 years after injury
Journal name Spinal Cord   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1362-4393
Publication date 2006-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/sj.sc.3101908
Volume 44
Issue 12
Start page 723
End page 728
Total pages 6
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Language eng
Subject 11 Medical and Health Sciences
Formatted abstract
Objectives:
To investigate (1) the characteristics of shoulder pain following discharge from rehabilitation for tetraplegia, (2) the relationship between pain and any associated risk factors and (3) the relationship between pain and functional activities, and pain and quality of life.

Design:

Longitudinal study.

Setting:
Spinal Injuries Unit, Australia.

Methods:
Participants (n = 27) were surveyed between 2 and 4 years postinjury. Prospective data on shoulder pain during rehabilitation had been collected previously and allowed comparison with the follow-up data. Data collected included pain intensity and quality, the Wheelchair User's Shoulder Pain Index (WUSPI) and perceived effect of pain on quality of life.

Results:
Shoulder pain prevalence was 70%. Pain was associated with discharge motor level of C6 - T1 (P = 0.003). Pain was most commonly located in the shoulder joint. Pain was primarily aggravated by movement and cold weather and relieved by rest. The most painful activity was lifting an object from overhead. Quality of life was affected by pain in 68.4% of participants.

Conclusion:
Shoulder pain is common following rehabilitation for tetraplegia and is associated with injury level. Pain is reported during daily tasks and adversely affects quality of life. Areas for further research are identified.
Keyword Clinical Neurology
Tetraplegia
Shoulder
Pain
Function
Quality of life
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Erratum: Spinal Cord Vol 47 Issue 4 2009 pg 350 Shoulder pain following tetraplegia: a follow-up study 2-4 years after injury (vol 44, pg 723, 2006)

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 17 Oct 2007, 15:28:05 EST