Application of the natural phagostimulant hydroquinone in bait systems for termite management (Isoptera)

Reinhard, J., Lacey, M. J. and Lenz, M. (2002) Application of the natural phagostimulant hydroquinone in bait systems for termite management (Isoptera). Sociobiology, 39 2: 213-229.

Author Reinhard, J.
Lacey, M. J.
Lenz, M.
Title Application of the natural phagostimulant hydroquinone in bait systems for termite management (Isoptera)
Journal name Sociobiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0361-6525
Publication date 2002
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 39
Issue 2
Start page 213
End page 229
Total pages 17
Place of publication Chico
Publisher Calif State Univ
Language eng
Subject 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences
Abstract Hydroquinone is a phagostimulating pheromone found in labial glands of most, if not all, termite species. In this study, we investigated whether hydroquinone enhances the effectiveness of bait systems for termite control. Laboratory feeding choice tests on filter paper with Mastotermes darwiniensis Froggatt and Coptotermes acinaciformis (Froggatt) demonstrated that several compounds chemically related to hydroquinone had a phagostimulating effect, but none as strong as the natural pheromone. Hydroquinone also works as short-distance attractant: termites were lured towards a source of hydroquinone over a distance of several centimeters. In long-term laboratory choice feeding tests, M. darwintensis and C. acinaciformis consumed significantly more wood within three days and one week, respectively, if hydroquinone had been applied. The preference had diminished after four weeks. Addition of glucose or amino acids did not increase the phagostimulating effect of hydroquinone. In field tests, hydroquinone proved to be comparatively stable under natural conditions: after four weeks in the soil, ca. 30% of the original amount of hydroquinone was still left in the baits. In field baiting trials with colonies of M. darwiniensis, C. acinaciformis, and C. lacteus in Australia, hydroquinone significantly increased feeding and the number of termites in treated baits compared to controls. Preliminary field trials with 10 further termite species in Australia and overseas confirmed these results.
Keyword Entomology
Formosan Subterranean Termite
Insect Growth-regulators
Control Strategies
Labial Gland
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
Queensland Brain Institute Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 13 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 17 Oct 2007, 10:54:28 EST