A conservation plan for a global biodiversity hotspot - the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa

Cowling, R. M., Pressey, R. L., Rouget, M. and Lombard, A. T. (2003) A conservation plan for a global biodiversity hotspot - the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. Biological Conservation, 112 1-2: 191-216.


Author Cowling, R. M.
Pressey, R. L.
Rouget, M.
Lombard, A. T.
Title A conservation plan for a global biodiversity hotspot - the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa
Journal name Biological Conservation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0006-3207
Publication date 2003-07
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/S0006-3207(02)00425-1
Volume 112
Issue 1-2
Start page 191
End page 216
Total pages 26
Editor Richard Cowling
Bob Pressey
Place of publication Oxford
Publisher Elsevier Science Ltd.
Language eng
Subject 0699 Other Biological Sciences
Abstract We produced a conservation plan that achieved conservation targets for biodiversity pattern and process in the species- and endemic-rich Cape Floristic Region of South Africa. Features given quantitative conservation targets were land classes, localities of Proteaceae and selected vertebrate (freshwater fish, amphibians and reptiles) species, population sizes for medium- and large-sized mammals, and six types of spatial surrogates for ecological and evolutionary processes. The plan was developed in several stages using C-Plan, a decision support system linked to a geographic information system. Accepting the existing reserve system as part of the plan, we first selected spatially fixed surrogates for biodiversity processes; then we included those planning units that were essential for achieving targets for land classes, Proteaceae and vertebrate species; next we included areas required to accommodate population and design targets for large and medium-sized mammals; we then selected planning units required to conserve entire upland-lowland and macroclimatic gradients; and finally we resolved the options for achieving remaining targets while also consolidating the design of conservation areas. The result was a system of conservation areas, requiring, in addition to the existing reserve system, 52% of the remaining extant habitat in the planning domain, as well as restorable habitat, that will promote the persistence and continued diversification of much of the region's biota in the face of ongoing habitat loss and climate change. After describing the planning process, we discuss implementation priorities in relation to conservation value and vulnerability to habitat loss, as well as socio-economic, political and institutional. constraints and opportunities. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keyword Biodiversity Conservation
Ecology
Environmental Sciences
biodiversity persistence
conservation targets
ecological and evolutionary processes
implementation
restoration
systematic conservation planning
Reserve Selection Algorithms
Renosterveld Shrublands
Habitat Fragmentation
Biological Diversity
Community Structure
Coast Renosterveld
Wildlife Corridors
Succulent Karoo
Western Cape
Real-world
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes This document is a journal review.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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