Energy transfer and activated chemiluminescence during thermal oxidation of polypropylene: Evidence for chemically induced electron exchange luminescence

Blakey, I, George, GA and Billingham, NC (2001) Energy transfer and activated chemiluminescence during thermal oxidation of polypropylene: Evidence for chemically induced electron exchange luminescence. Macromolecules, 34 26: 9130-9138.


Author Blakey, I
George, GA
Billingham, NC
Title Energy transfer and activated chemiluminescence during thermal oxidation of polypropylene: Evidence for chemically induced electron exchange luminescence
Journal name Macromolecules   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0024-9297
Publication date 2001
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1021/ma010217t
Volume 34
Issue 26
Start page 9130
End page 9138
Total pages 9
Place of publication Washington
Publisher Amer Chemical Soc
Language eng
Abstract The mechanism of chemiluminescence (CL) during thermal oxidation of polypropylene (PP) was probed by doping PP with an energy acceptor (9,10-dibromoanthracene [DBA]) and a chemiluminescence (CL) activator (9,10-diphenylanthracene [DPA]). Doping PP with DBA had little effect on the shape of the CL intensity (I-CL)-time profile. This suggests that energy transfer from triplet states is probably not significant in the scheme of PP CL. However, the CL activator (DPA) had a significant effect on the shape and intensity of the I-CL-time profile. In the absence of DPA, the I-CL-time profile matches the profile for the formation of carbonyl-containing oxidation products from FTIR-emission spectra. In contrast, in the presence of DPA, it was the integrated DPA I-CL-time profile which snatched the oxidation product profile, indicating that now I-CL was proportional to the hydroperoxide concentration. It is suggested that peroxides formed during PP oxidation are capable of reacting with DPA to produce chemically induced electron exchange luminescence (CIEEL). It is also suggested that CL from undoped PP, i.e., direct CL, may also occur by a CIEEL mechanism. This mechanism is believed to involve the reaction of PP peroxides with an easily oxidizable luminescent oxidation product. For the detector system used in this study the majority of light emitted is consistent with reactions between acyl peroxides and alpha,beta -unsaturated carbonyls. The consequences of this mechanism are that the I-CL-time curve measured during the oxidation of PP may reflect either the hydroperoxide profile or the oxidation product profile depending on the spectral wavelength analyzed or the state of purity of the polymer.
Keyword Polymer Science
Lactam-based Polyamides
Ortho-xylylene Peroxide
Ft-ir Emission
Alpha-peroxylactones
Solid Polypropylene
Diphenoyl Peroxide
Organic Peroxides
End-groups
Thermooxidation
Decomposition
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Centre for Advanced Imaging Publications
 
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