The role of migration in urban transition : studies of the relationship between migration and modernisation for Brisbane and Stockholm

Rohlin, Carl-Johan A. J (2005). The role of migration in urban transition : studies of the relationship between migration and modernisation for Brisbane and Stockholm PhD Thesis, School of Geography, Planning and Architecture, The University of Queensland.

       
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Author Rohlin, Carl-Johan A. J
Thesis Title The role of migration in urban transition : studies of the relationship between migration and modernisation for Brisbane and Stockholm
School, Centre or Institute School of Geography, Planning and Architecture
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2005
Thesis type PhD Thesis
Supervisor Dr. Martin Bell
Dr. James Skinner
Total pages 521
Collection year 2005
Language eng
Subjects L
370502 Migration
780107 Studies in human society
Abstract/Summary Wilbur Zelinsky formulated a Hypothesis of Mobility Transition in 1971,in which he tried to relate all aspects of mobility to the Demographic Transition and modernisation. This dissertation applies the theoretical framework, proposed by Zelinsky and extended to encompass a family of transitions, to understand migration patterns of city regions. The two city regions, Brisbane and Stockholm, are selected as case studies, representing important city regions of similar size, but drawn from contrasting historical settings. A comparison of the case studies with the theoretical framework aims to determine how the relative contributions of net migration, the source areas of migrants, and the migration intensity change with modernisation. In addition, the research also aims to identify aspects of modernisation affecting migration. These aspects of migration are analysed with a "historical approach" and a "multivariate approach". An extensive investigation into the city regions' historical background provides the source, from which evidence for a relationship between migration and modernisation is extracted. With this historical approach, similarities and differences in migration patterns are identified. The other research approach analyse multivariate data, from the last two decades, on migration flows and modernisation. Correlations between migration and key aspects of modernisation are tested with multivariate regression, based on an alternative version of a spatial interaction model. The project demonstrates that the changing functions of cities and the structural modernisation are influential on migration. Similar patterns are found, regarding the relative contributions of net migration and natural increase to population growth. The research finds links between these changes in the relative contribution of net migration and demographic modernisation. The findings on variations in urban and rural source areas of migrants to city regions do not contradict the expected pattern, but data limitations prevent definite conclusion to be drawn. The assessment of variations in migration intensity resulted in the expected pattern not being supported. Based on Swedish data, the hypothesised increase in migration intensity is rejected. Interactional migration data also show patterns different from those derived from the theoretical framework. The findings, from both research approaches, suggested that structural modernisation affected migration flows more than demographic modernisation. The findings lead to a formulation of hypothesised patterns for migration to city regions. The study provides an important research contribution by applying the two research approaches to city regions. It also combines the study of internal and international migration to address the research objectives within a framework of transitional change.
Keyword Urbanization -- Queensland -- Brisbane
Urbanization -- Sweden -- Stockholm
Migration, Internal -- Queensland -- Brisbane
Migration, Internal -- Sweden -- Stockholm

 
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Created: Fri, 24 Aug 2007, 18:40:40 EST