This thesis offers a new perspective from which to understand how stakeholder interactions facilitate the integration of biotechnology into established organisational systems. The actions of multiple biotechnology stakeholders contribute to diverse and complex relationships, and through those associations, are considered as contributing to a unique 'relational architecture' that facilitates the process of biotechnology integration. Explicit and implicit structures are acknowledged as guiding those interactions and are recognised here as 'frameworks of integration' that support the integration process. These frameworks are acknowledged as being derived from the obvious protocols, standards and practices as well as the tacit norms and expectations apparent in social, professional, organisational and industry activities. What is deduced in this thesis is the emergence of a unique biotechnology integration paradigm, which acknowledges the multiple and
diverse stakeholder contributions to the value-creation mechanisms involved in the integration of biotechnology in Australian organisations.
The research contributes to theory and practice. In theoretical terms the empirical results showed firstly that multiple, complex and strategic relationships contribute to a corpus of biotechnology knowledge, and integration relies on the successful sanction of that knowledge. Second, stakeholders operated within specific organisational, economic and scientific paradigms, which established a contextually unique environment of influence and activity for them to build the platform of understanding required to sanction the integration of biotechnologies. Conclusively case evidence confirmed that acceptance, value-creation, motivation and adoption are key features in the process of integration as biotechnology is validated and legitimised by interacting stakeholders.
In practical terms, recognition
that a dynamic architecture of stakeholder relationships exists is useful, in that it can be developed and utilized by R&D organisations to provide strategic access to latent knowledge resources in the wider industry. Further, through understanding of the sanction and integration process in the interactions of biotechnology stakeholders, as research activities move from the laboratory bench to integrated outcomes, organisations will be better placed to initiate key motivators to aid its leverage to further development and application opportunities. Finally, this thesis demonstrates how the interplay of diverse contextual structures and dynamic stakeholders actions continually re-informs and recreates the known interactive paradigm of knowledge and understanding in the integration of biotechnology. The practical management of that emergent process as it defines sanction and integration could facilitate the transfer of biotechnology into existing industry systems and