This project examined processes involved in young people's transition into and out of homelessness. The project consisted of two studies and involved participants from the Logan City, Gold Coast, Ipswich, Pine Rivers, and Brisbane Metropolitan areas.
The first study, involved retrospective interviews with 16 previously homeless young adults and focused on events and circumstances associated with moving into and out of homelessness. Qualitative analysis of these interviews revealed a generalised pattern of transition, that appeared to be driven by participants' ongoing attempts to meet basic needs within adverse environments, and had lasting influences upon participants' values and capacity to participate within the general community.
In the second study, 14 7 currently homeless young people responded to two standardised tests and a questionnaire, that addressed issues of peer and family relationships, self-esteem, disengagement from the family, satisfaction of basic needs, and exposure to health and environmental risks. Quantitative analysis of these data revealed negatively skewed self-esteem and interpersonal relationship scores, and significant differences between sub groupings based on age, time since permanent family residency, time since overnight family contact, and participants' perceptions of their family's capacity to provide basic needs.
The studies reported in this project demonstrated that typical features are present within processes of transition into and out of homelessness. Findings from both studies were combined to create a generalised model of transition, and were also examined in terms of their implications for services to young people.