Acid Mine Drainage and Minesite Stability (Technical Paper 9509)

Williams, David J. (1995) Acid Mine Drainage and Minesite Stability (Technical Paper 9509). Australian Geomechanics, 28: 81-86.

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Author Williams, David J.
Title Acid Mine Drainage and Minesite Stability (Technical Paper 9509)
Journal name Australian Geomechanics
Publication date 1995-12-01
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Issue 28
Start page 81
End page 86
Subject 290701 Mining Engineering
291104 Environmental Technologies
Abstract Acid mine drainage (AMD) and minesite salinity are arguably the most serious threats posed to the environment by open cut mining and mineral processing. AMD arises when sulphur, usually in the form iron sulphide (pyrite) contained in the ore and/or waste materials, is exposed to oxidation, the products of which are leached out as acid. As the pH of the system drops, bacteria begin to catalyse the chemical reaction. Open cut mining and mineral processing also lead to the storage of water on the surface where evaporation raises the salinity of the water. This paper reviews some of the acid mine studies done in recent years, suggests engineered solutions to mitigate the problem and shares some local experiences of AMD and minesite salinity.
Keyword mining land
acid mine drainage
acid base accounting
open cut mining
Additional Notes Reproduced from Williams, D. J. (1995) "Acid Mine Drainage and Minesite Stability", Australian Geomechanics; 28, pp. 81-86, with permission from the Australian Geomechanics Society ( The journal is incorrectly numbered no. 29 on the cover.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Civil Engineering Publications
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Created: Fri, 02 Apr 2004, 10:00:00 EST