Henderson Island crania and their implication for south eastern Polynesian prehistory

Stefan, Vincent H., Weisler, Marshall I. and Collins, S. L. (2005). Henderson Island crania and their implication for south eastern Polynesian prehistory. In: Christopher M. Stevenson, José Miguel Ramierez, Francis J. Morin and Norma Barbacci, The Renaca Papers. Proceedings of the VI International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific: VI Congreso Internacional sobre Rapa Nui y el Pacifico. VI International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific, Vina del Mar, Chile, (201-212). 21-25 September 2004.

Author Stefan, Vincent H.
Weisler, Marshall I.
Collins, S. L.
Title of paper Henderson Island crania and their implication for south eastern Polynesian prehistory
Conference name VI International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific
Conference location Vina del Mar, Chile
Conference dates 21-25 September 2004
Proceedings title The Renaca Papers. Proceedings of the VI International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific: VI Congreso Internacional sobre Rapa Nui y el Pacifico
Place of Publication Los Osos, California, United States of America
Publisher Easter Island Foundation
Publication Year 2005
Year available 2005
Sub-type Fully published paper
ISBN 1-880636-08-5
Editor Christopher M. Stevenson
José Miguel Ramierez
Francis J. Morin
Norma Barbacci
Start page 201
End page 212
Total pages 12
Collection year 2005
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
The origin, migration and evolution of Polynesian populations, in particular the Easter Islanders, have been the center of controversy for many years. Because of Henderson Island’s geographic position between Easter Island and the rest of eastern Polynesia, any artifactual and skeletal remains of prehistoric Henderson Islanders could provide critical information on the colonization of Easter Island and its isolation from or interaction with neighboring island groups. The collection of two nearly complete crania from Henderson provides an opportunity for additional bioanthropological analyses for investigating the Mangarevan, Pitcairn, Henderson interaction sphere, as well as for addressing the problem of Easter Island origins.

As part of a multidisciplinary project investigating the biological and physical diversity of the Pitcairn group, Weisler conducted an archaeological survey and excavations (41 m2) on the elevated limestone (makatea) island of Henderson. Human skeletal material were excavated from two rockshelters: HEN-2 located east of the habitation areas on North Beach, and HEN-14 situated north of the habitations on East Beach. The cranial remains from HEN-14 used in the current study — HEN-14/17 and 18 — were measured and compared against a Polynesian craniometric database, utilizing discriminant function analyses and canonical correlation analyses. The results indicate a close similarity of the Henderson Island crania to those of the Easter Islanders. The implications of these results with regard to Mangareva, Pitcairn, Henderson interaction sphere and the origins of the Easter Islanders will be discussed.

Subjects E1
370000 Studies in Human Society
780000 - Non-Oriented Research
Q-Index Code E1

 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Thu, 23 Aug 2007, 20:28:44 EST