Experimental Study of the Air-Water Shear Flow in a Hydraulic Jump

Chanson, H. and Brattberg, T. (2000) Experimental Study of the Air-Water Shear Flow in a Hydraulic Jump. International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 26 4: 583-607. doi:10.1016/S0301-9322(99)00016-6

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Author Chanson, H.
Brattberg, T.
Title Experimental Study of the Air-Water Shear Flow in a Hydraulic Jump
Journal name International Journal of Multiphase Flow   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0301-9322
Publication date 2000-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/S0301-9322(99)00016-6
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 26
Issue 4
Start page 583
End page 607
Total pages 25
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publisher Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Collection year 2000
Language eng
Subject 290501 Mechanical Engineering
260502 Surfacewater Hydrology
240502 Fluid Physics
291100 Environmental Engineering
290802 Water and Sanitary Engineering
300105 Applied Hydrology (Drainage, Flooding, Irrigation, Quality, etc.)
290800 Civil Engineering
260104 Sedimentology
770402 Land and water management
Abstract Although the hydraulic jump has been investigated experimentally for nearly two centuries, little information is known of the air-water flow properties in the shear region. New experiments were performed in a horizontal channel with partially-developed inflow conditions. Distributions of air concentration, mean air-water velocity and bubble frequency were recorded and presented herein. The results indicate an advective diffusion of air in the shear layer. The velocity profiles have a similar shape as wall jet flows but different quantitative parameters must be introduced. The relationship between air content and bubble frequency has a parabolic shape which is not yet understood but was observed previously in open channel flows.
Keyword air bubble entrainment
hydraulic jump
void fraction
air-water velocity
bubble frequency
air-water shear flow
experimental data
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Q-Index Code C1
Additional Notes Originally published as H. Chanson and T. Brattberg (2000) Experimental study of the air–water shear flow in a hydraulic jump, International Journal of Multiphase Flow 26 (4): 583-607. Copyright 2000 Elsevier. All rights reserved. Single copies only may be downbloaded and printed for a user's personal research and study.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Civil Engineering Publications
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Created: Tue, 11 Oct 2005, 10:00:00 EST by Hubert Chanson on behalf of School of Engineering