Gold Creek Dam and its Unusual Waste Waterway (1890-1997): Design, Operation, Maintenance

Chanson, Hubert and Whitmore, Ray L. (1998) Gold Creek Dam and its Unusual Waste Waterway (1890-1997): Design, Operation, Maintenance. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 25 4: 755-768. doi:10.1139/cjce-25-4-755

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Author Chanson, Hubert
Whitmore, Ray L.
Title Gold Creek Dam and its Unusual Waste Waterway (1890-1997): Design, Operation, Maintenance
Journal name Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0315-1468
Publication date 1998-08-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1139/cjce-25-4-755
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 25
Issue 4
Start page 755
End page 768
Total pages 14
Language eng
Subject 430101 History - Australian
310105 History of the Built Environment
300900 Land, Parks and Agriculture Management
310000 Architecture, Urban Environment and Building
291400 Materials Engineering
290800 Civil Engineering
290899 Civil Engineering not elsewhere classified
290801 Structural Engineering
290804 Construction Engineering
260502 Surfacewater Hydrology
290000 Engineering and Technology
291100 Environmental Engineering
430205 Historical Archaeology (incl. Industrial Archaeology)
299904 Engineering/Technology Instrumentation
291800 Interdisciplinary Engineering
430100 Historical Studies
291499 Materials Engineering not elsewhere classified
299900 Other Engineering and Technology
290802 Water and Sanitary Engineering
300105 Applied Hydrology (Drainage, Flooding, Irrigation, Quality, etc.)
430000 History and Archaeology
310102 Heritage and Conservation
Abstract Completed in 1885, the Gold Creek dam is an earthen dam located on the outskirts of Brisbane, Australia. The spillway system was refurbished three times, each time to increase the maximum overflow capacity. In 1890, a concrete stepped waterway was built to replace the damaged unlined-rock channel. This staircase chute is an unique structure : it is the first large man-made waste waterway built in Queensland, it is the only stepped weir built in Queensland before 1900, and it is, so far as the writers are aware, the first concrete-stepped spillway built for a large dam. The characteristics of the dam and its unusual stepped spillway are reviewed in a historical context. The design is compared with contemporary structures and present knowledge in stepped spillway design. The authors believe that the Queensland engineers gained expertise from overseas and within Australia for the stepped spillway design. However the selection of concrete for the step construction was made by the local engineers and the reasons behind the decision are not yet understood
Keyword spillway design
engineering heritage
concrete construction
stepped weir
spillway operation
spillway refurbishment
19th century structure
References Australian National Committee on Large Dams 1970. Register of Large Dams in Australia. International Commission on Large Dams, Australian National Committee, Canberra, Australia, 4th edition. Australian National Committee on Large Dams 1982. Register of Large Dams in Australia. International Commission on Large Dams, Australian National Committee, Canberra, Australia, 7th edition. Australian National Committee on Large Dams 1990. Register of Large Dams in Australia. International Commission on Large Dams, Australian National Committee, Canberra, Australia, 9th edition. Binnie, G.M. 1981. Early Victorian Water Engineers. Thomas Telford, London, UK, 310 pages. Cameron, I. 1989. 125 Years of State Public Works in Queensland 1859/1984. Boolarong Publisher, Brisbane, Australia. Chanson, H. 1993. Self-Aerated Flows on Chutes and Spillways. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 119, No. 2, pp. 220-243. Discussion : Vol. 120, No. 6, pp. 778-782. Chanson, H. 1994) Drag Reduction in Open Channel Flow by Aeration and Suspended Load. Journal of Hydraulic Research, International Association for Hydraulic Research, Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 87-101. Chanson, H. 1995a. Hydraulic Design of Stepped Cascades, Channels, Weirs and Spillways. Pergamon, Oxford, UK, Jan., 292 pages. Chanson, H. 1995b. History of Stepped Channels and Spillways : a Rediscovery of the 'Wheel'. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 22, No. 2, April, pp. 247-259. Chanson, H., and Whitmore, R.L. 1996. Investigation of the Gold Creek Dam Spillway, Australia. Research Report No. CE153, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Queensland, Australia, 60 pages. Cossins, G. 1966. One Hundred years of Brisbane's Water Supply. Brisbane Division Technical Paper, Institution of Engineers, Australia, Vol. 7, No. 10, pp. 1-38. Cossins, G. 1996. The Continued Saga of Gold Creek Dam. Engineering Update, Queensland Division, Institution of Engineers, Australia, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 9-12. Cowan, H.J. 1995. A History of Structural Concrete and its Adoption in Australia as a Major Building Material. Trans. Multi-Disciplinary Engineering, Institution of Engineers, Australia, Vol. GE19, No. 2, pp. 83-96. Delocre, M. 1866. Memoire sur la Forme du Profil a Adopter pour les Grands Barrages en Maconnerie des Reservoirs. ('Memoir on the Shape of the Profile to adopt for Large Masonry ams.') Memoires et Documents, Annales des Ponts et Chaussees, Paris, France, 2nd Sem., pp. 212-272 (in French). Gibbs, G.A. 1915. Water Supply Systems of the Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works. D.W. Paterson and Co., Melbourne, Australia. Humber, W. 1876. Comprehensive Treatise on the Water Supply of Cities and Towns with Numerous Specifications of Existing Waterworks. Crosby Lockwood, London, UK. International Commission on Large Dams 1984. World Register of Dams - Registre Mondial des barrages - ICOLD. International Commission on Large Dams, Paris, France, 753 pages. Lewis, M. 1988. Two Hundred Years of Concrete in Australia. Concrete Institute of Australia, Sydney, Australia, 137 pages. Mackay, G. 1891. The History of Bendigo. Ferguson and Mitchell Publisher, Bendigo, Australia. Rankine, W.J.M. 1872. Report on the Design and Construction of Masonry Dams. The Engineer, Vol. 33, Jan. 5, pp. 1-2. Schnitter, N.J. 1994. A History of Dams : the Useful Pyramids. Balkema Publisher, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Smith, N. 1971. A History of Dams. The Chaucer Press, Peter Davies, London, UK. Snowy Mountain Engineering Corporation 1993. Gold Creek Dam Safety Review. Report to the Brisbane City Council, Brisbane, Australia, October. Wegmann, E. 1911. The Design and Construction of Dams. John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, 6th edition. Whitmore, R.L. 1984. Eminent Queensland Engineers. Institution of Engineers, Australia, Queensland Division, Consolidated Printers, Brisbane. Whitmore, R.L. 1996. Gold Creek Reservoir. Its Heritage and Conservation. Report to the Brisbane City Council, Brisbane, Australia, section 1.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes Originally published as CHANSON, H., and WHITMORE, R.L. (1998). "Gold Creek Dam and its Unusual Waste Waterway (1890-1997) : Design, Operation, Maintenance." Can. Jl of Civil Eng., Vol. 25, No. 4, Aug., pp. 755-768 & Front Cover (ISSN 0315-1468). Front cover photograph of the issue of No. 4 of the Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering Vol. 25. Supporting website : {}. Copyright 1998 NRC Research Press. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored, or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the written permission of the publisher, except as stated below. The National Research Council of Canada grants permission to individuals to download or print single copies of articles for personal use. Any person may reproduce short excerpts from articles in the journals for any purpose that respects the moral rights of authors, provided that the source is fully acknowledged. As a courtesy, the consent of authors of such material should be obtained directly from the author. Authorization to reproduce items for other than personal use, as stated above, is granted by the National Research Council of Canada provided that the copyright fee of $7.00 per copy is paid directly to CANCOPY, One Yonge Street, Suite 1900, Toronto, ON, Canada M5E 1E5. The above permission does not extend to other kinds of copying, such as copying for general distribution, for advertising, or promotional purposes, for creating new collective works, or for resale. For such copying, arrangements must be made with the publisher, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON K1A 0R6, Canada. For British Crown copyright articles, permission for other than private research, study or in-house use must be obtained from The Copyright Unit, St. Clemens House, 2-16 Colegate, Norwich, England NR3 1BQ.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Civil Engineering Publications
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