Characteristics of Undular Hydraulic Jumps. Results and Calculations

Montes, J. S. and Chanson, Hubert (1998) Characteristics of Undular Hydraulic Jumps. Results and Calculations. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 124 2: 192-205.

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Author Montes, J. S.
Chanson, Hubert
Title Characteristics of Undular Hydraulic Jumps. Results and Calculations
Journal name Journal of Hydraulic Engineering   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0733-9429
Publication date 1998-02-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(1998)124:2(192)
Volume 124
Issue 2
Start page 192
End page 205
Total pages 14
Language eng
Subject 240000 Physical Sciences
291803 Turbulent Flows
260500 Hydrology
240500 Classical Physics
291199 Environmental Engineering not elsewhere classified
290800 Civil Engineering
240502 Fluid Physics
260502 Surfacewater Hydrology
290000 Engineering and Technology
291100 Environmental Engineering
291899 Interdisciplinary Engineering not elsewhere classified
299904 Engineering/Technology Instrumentation
300100 Soil and Water Sciences
300000 Agricultural, Veterinary and Environmental Sciences
290802 Water and Sanitary Engineering
300105 Applied Hydrology (Drainage, Flooding, Irrigation, Quality, etc.)
Abstract The writers measured velocity, pressure and energy distributions, wavelengths and wave amplitudes along undular jumps in a smooth rectangular channel 0.25 m wide. In each case the upstream flow was a fully-developed shear flow. Analysis of the data shows that the jump has strong three-dimensional features and that the aspect ratio of the channel is an important parameter. Energy dissipation on the centreline is far from negligible and is largely constrained to the reach between the start of the lateral shock waves and the first wave crest of the jump, in which the boundary layer develops under a strong adverse pressure gradient. A Boussinesq-type solution of the free-surface profile, velocity and energy and pressure distributions is developed and compared with the data. Limitations of the two-dimensional analysis are discussed.
Keyword undular hydraulic jumps
velocity and pressure distribution measurements
Boussinesq-type model
lateral shock waves
boundary layer under adverse pressure gradient
energy dissipation
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Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes The full bibliographic details are : MONTES, J.S., and CHANSON, H. (1998). "Characteristics of Undular Hydraulic Jumps. Results and Calculations." Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 124, No. 2, pp. 192-205 (ISSN 0733-9429). Copyright 1998 The American Society of Civil Engineers.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Civil Engineering Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 05 Oct 2006, 10:00:00 EST by Hubert Chanson