Erluanbi, Southern Taiwan

Chanson, Hubert (2007) Erluanbi, Southern Taiwan. Shore & Beach, 75 2: 36-39.

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Author Chanson, Hubert
Title Erluanbi, Southern Taiwan
Journal name Shore & Beach   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0037-4237
Publication date 2007-06-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 75
Issue 2
Start page 36
End page 39
Total pages 4
Subject 260000 Earth Sciences
260400 Oceanography
260403 Physical Oceanography
290000 Engineering and Technology
290800 Civil Engineering
290802 Water and Sanitary Engineering
310000 Architecture, Urban Environment and Building
310200 Building
310201 Building Science and Techniques
310299 Building not elsewhere classified
Abstract Erluanbi is the most southern tip of Taiwan (Formosa) where the Taiwan (Formosa) Strait meets the Pacific Ocean. The Erluanbi national park is renown for its lighthouse, and its coral reef, and it hosts also some prehistoric sites bating back to 5,000 to 6,500 years. The Erluanbi (or Eluan Pi) lighthouse was completed in 1883, following requests from the American and Japanese governments to the Chinese government after several ship wrecks in the 1860s. Chinese troops were sent to protect the lighthouse construction from attacks by local tribesmen, and the lighthouse was surrounded a small fort with cannons and a ditch to protect it. It is a rare example of a fortified lighthouse in the world. The lighthouse itself is 21.4 m high and its light is 56.4 m above high water. The light flashes every 10 seconds and its range is 27.2 nautical miles. The surrounding Erluanbi national park is located on a raised coral reef with some huge fringing reef : e.g., the "sea pavillon". With the topical oceanic climate, the elevated reef hosts an unique vegetation and ecology. Since 1956, numerous prehistoric artefacts were uncovered including stone slab coffins and pottery (plain and painted), that encompassed at least four cultural stages from BC 4,500 to AD 800.
Keyword Erluanbi
Fortified lighthouse
Q-Index Code CX
Additional Notes The full bibliographic details are : CHANSON, H. (2007). "Coastal Observations: Erluanbi, Southern Taiwan." Shore & Beach, Vol. 75, No. 2, pp. 36-39 (ISSN 0037-4237).

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Civil Engineering Publications
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Created: Mon, 16 Jul 2007, 08:51:55 EST by Hubert Chanson on behalf of School of Engineering